Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12857/116504
Title: Effects of objectifying gaze on female cognitive performance: The role of flow experience and internalization of beauty ideals
Authors: Guizzo, Francesca
Cadinu, Mara 
Keywords: cognitive performance;flow experience;internalization of beauty ideals;self-objectification;sexual objectification
Keywords Plus: SELF-OBJECTIFICATION;SEXUAL OBJECTIFICATION;SOCIOCULTURAL ATTITUDES;BODY OBJECTIFICATION;STEREOTYPE THREAT;WOMEN;STATE;MIND;VALIDATION;SATAQ-3
Mesh headings: Body Image;Cognition;Dehumanization;Interpersonal Relations;Self Concept
Secondary Mesh headings: Adolescent;Adult;Beauty;Defense Mechanisms;Female;Humans;Male;Neuropsychological Tests;Young Adult
Issue Date: Jun-2017
Publisher: WILEY
Journal: The British journal of social psychology 
Abstract: 
Although previous research has demonstrated that objectification impairs female cognitive performance, no research to date has investigated the mechanisms underlying such decrement. Therefore, we tested the role of flow experience as one mechanism leading to performance decrement under sexual objectification. Gaze gender was manipulated by having male versus female experimenters take body pictures of female participants (N = 107) who then performed a Sustained Attention to Response Task. As predicted, a moderated mediation model showed that under male versus female gaze, higher internalization of beauty ideals was associated with lower flow, which in turn decreased performance. The implications of these results are discussed in relation to objectification theory and strategies to prevent sexually objectifying experiences.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12857/116504
ISSN: 01446665
DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12170
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