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|Title:||MALDI-TOF MS for the identification of veterinary non-C. neoformans-C. gattii Cryptococcus spp. isolates from Italy||Authors:||Danesi, Patrizia
|Keywords:||MALDI-TOF;non–C. neoformans–C. gattii Cryptococcus species;veterinary isolates||Keywords Plus:||DESORPTION IONIZATION-TIME;FLIGHT MASS-SPECTROMETRY;FUNGI||Mesh headings:||Cryptococcosis;Cryptococcus;Microbiological Techniques;Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization||Secondary Mesh headings:||Animals;Fungal Proteins;Humans;Italy||Issue Date:||Aug-2014||Publisher:||OXFORD UNIV PRESS||Journal:||Medical mycology||Abstract:||
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) offers an effective alternative to phenotypic and molecular methods for the rapid identification of microorganisms. Our aim in this study was to create an in-house library for a set of strains of nine uncommonly reported human and animal cryptococcal species, including Cryptococcus adeliensis, C. albidosimilis, C. albidus, C. aureus, C. carnescens, C. laurentii, C. magnus, C. victoriae and C. uniguttulatus, and to use this library to make timely and correct identifications using MALDI-TOF MS for use in routine laboratory diagnostics. Protein extracts obtained via the formic acid extraction method of 62 veterinary non-C. neoformans-C. gattii cryptococcal isolates were studied. The obtained mass spectra correctly grouped all 62 studied isolates according to species identification previously obtained by internal transcribe spacer sequence analysis. The in-house database was than exported and successfully uploaded to the Microflex LT (Maldi Biotyper; Bruker Daltonics) instrument at a different diagnostic laboratory in Italy. Scores >2.7 obtained from isolates reanalyzed in the latter laboratory supported the high reproducibility of the method. The possibility of creating and transferring an in-house library adds to the usefulness MALDI-TOF MS an important tool for the rapid and inexpensive identification of pathogenic and saprophytic fungi as required for differential diagnosis of human and animal mycoses.
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