Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12857/119605
Title: Echocardiographic Techniques of Deformation Imaging in the Evaluation of Maternal Cardiovascular System in Patients with Complicated Pregnancies
Authors: Visentin, Silvia 
Palermo, Chiara 
Camerin, Martina 
Daliento, Luciano 
Muraru, Denisa 
Cosmi, Erich 
Badano, Luigi 
Keywords Plus: SPECKLE-TRACKING ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY;VENTRICULAR DIASTOLIC FUNCTION;GLOBAL LONGITUDINAL STRAIN;CARDIAC-FUNCTION;2-DIMENSIONAL STRAIN;MYOCARDIAL STRAIN;REFERENCE VALUES;PREECLAMPSIA;DYSFUNCTION;MECHANICS
Mesh headings: Cardiovascular System;Echocardiography, Doppler;Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular
Secondary Mesh headings: Female;Heart Ventricles;Humans;Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted;Pregnancy
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: HINDAWI LTD
Journal: BioMed research international 
Abstract: 
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent the leading cause of maternal mortality and morbidity. Knowledge of CVD in women is constantly evolving and data are emerging that female-specific risk factors as complications of pregnancy are conditions associated with an increased risk for the long-term development of CVD. Echocardiography is a safe and effective imaging technique indicated in symptomatic or asymptomatic pregnant women with congenital heart diseases who require close monitoring of cardiac function. Deformation imaging is an echocardiographic technique used to assess myocardial function by measuring the actual deformation of the myocardium through the cardiac cycle. Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) is a two-dimensional (2D) technique which has been found to be more accurate than tissue Doppler to assess both left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) myocardial function. The use of 2D STE however might present some technical issues due to the tomographic nature of the technique and the motion in the three-dimensional space of the myocardial speckles. This has promoted the use of 3D STE to track the motion of the speckles in the 3D space. This review will focus on the clinical value of the new echocardiographic techniques of deformation imaging used to assess the maternal cardiovascular system in complicated pregnancies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12857/119605
ISSN: 23146133
DOI: 10.1155/2017/4139635
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